7716 - Lord Over David

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In our study through the book of Luke we are now in the last week of the life of Jesus. He has come to Jerusalem for the Feast of Passover. Soon he will die on the cross.

In Luke 20:41-47 Jesus spoke to the crowd, which surrounded him. Listen as I read these verses:

Then Jesus said to them, "How is it that they say the Christ is the Son of David? David himself declares in the Book of Psalms: "`The Lord said to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet." ' David calls him `Lord.' How then can he be his son?"

While all the people were listening, Jesus said to his disciples, "Beware of the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and love to be greeted in the marketplaces and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets. They devour widows' houses and for a show make lengthy prayers. Such men will be punished most severely."

This passage has two different subjects. In the first Jesus is seeking to bring understanding into the minds of the people regarding the Christ, or Messiah.

Three times here in the temple Jesus had been challenged by the religious leaders. In each of these encounters Jesus had left them astonished and frustrated in jousting with them about issues.

In this passage Jesus takes the offensive. The people had been taught that the Christ is the son of David. Jesus asks them, “Who is the Son of David?” Is the Messiah only David’s son? If so, how could David use the language he did in Psalm 110 where David calls the Messiah his Lord. See the error? A father would not call his child Lord.

The people believed the Messiah was coming to conquer the enemies of Israel and establish his kingdom in their lifetime.

Jesus seeks to expand their understanding of Messiah-Christ. These teachers and the people had missed the prophetic passages about the suffering Messiah. Isaiah especially prophesied extensively about the suffering Messiah (9:22; 17:25; 53:1-12). But these Bible scholars had closed their minds to these passages.

Jesus calls attention to the error of limiting the Messiah to sonship of David. True, he would be a descendent of David but the Messiah is to be the Son-of-God. His first advent on earth was to redeem mankind from their bondage to sin. In order to accomplish this purpose he would die as the atoning sacrifice on a cross. Then he would be raised to life and be seated at the right hand of God to exercise his divine authority as the ageless Son of God.

The religious leaders were scholars of the Scripture. Surely they knew these prophesies; but they refused to believe the evident truth about Jesus as the Messiah. For three years Jesus had performed miracles unheard of before, but these religious leaders refused to accept the evidence and believe the truth.

The second subject Jesus addresses at this time is to warn his disciples and the people who listened about the scribes and teachers of the law. If they are so closed minded to God’s Scripture, then the people need to see the errors so they will not be swept into eternal darkness.

Jesus points out that these leaders are prideful people. They walk about in richly adorned robes, and they enjoy hearing the people greet them with admiration and respect. They were deceitful to the very people they were commissioned to serve.

Often they shamelessly cheated widows of their only property and livelihood. Their long and high-sounding prayers in public were not for God’s ears but were to impress the people who heard.

Jesus renounced these leaders. Such people face severe punishment at the judgment.

Friend, let us examine our own soul in regard to these issues.